The science behind EnzyPS™

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Phosphatidylserine (PS) is a member of the phospholipid family and one of the body’s essential building blocks. It is naturally found in all cell membranes and is particularly abundant in the brain. The brain is an organ with high metabolic activity and is among the organs richest in lipid content. Up to 60% of the brain dry weight is composed of lipids, with phospholipids a major part of this important group. For many years PS has been known to be highly enriched within brain lipid fractions, up to 6 times more than in any other tissue. This finding led to many mechanistic and clinical studies, aimed at investigating the roles PS takes within the brain, and the effects of its ingestion on brain functions.

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Studies showed a number of mechanisms by which PS intake affects the brain, including cell-to-cell communication, neuron cell survival, activation of various cellular enzymes that are important for synaptic plasticity, and more. These studies also demonstrated that intake of PS through the digestive system increases the levels of PS in the brain, and that this effect is more pronounced in older animals than in young ones.

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More than 50 clinical studies investigated the effects of PS intake on humans. Most of these studies tested the cognitive benefits of PS intake on a wide range of populations with cognitive decline, but several studies tested the effects of PS on stress and depression, skin condition, and aspects of sports and exercise. Intake of PS by humans, from children through students and elderly, was shown to stimulate the brain and increase its utilization of glucose – an indication of increased brain activity. It resulted in improvement of various cognitive traits, including aspects of memory, learning, concentration, attention, behavior, stress management, mood, and more. Other studies demonstrated how intake of PS improves sports and exercise experience, while others showed the contribution of PS intake to skin health, known as “beauty from within”.

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Importantly, all studies to date of PS in humans have shown no side effects of PS intake. Moreover, toxicological studies of PS from various sources show no signs of toxicity, even in very high doses. These results indicate that PS is very safe for human consumption.

For more information download the scientific summaries:

Pdf-Icon2EnzyBrain™ for children

 

Pdf-Icon2EnzyBrain™ for elderly

 

Pdf-Icon2EnzySport™

PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE

Phosphatidylserine [PS] is member of the phospholipid family and one of the body essential building blocks. It is naturally found in all cell membranes and particularly abundant in the brain.

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PHOSPHATIDYLSERINE

Phosphatidylserine [PS] is member of the phospholipid family and one of the body essential building blocks. It is naturally found in all cell membranes and particularly abundant in the brain.